Sunday, June 19, 2016

The Fish that saved a Ship - The voyage of the Crusader in 1874 to Lyttleton

In last weeks post I mentioned the ship Crusader which carried quite a few of the Allington family to Lyttleton in 1874. The journey was not an uneventful one and from what it appears it is quite lucky that it got to New Zealand at all.

The Crusader bought several generations of the Allington family from Warwickshire to Canterbury in 1874 when George Allington was persuaded to lead a large group of agricultural workers to a new and better life in New Zealand.
This is a true story as told by Captain C.M Renaut, son of the Captain of the Crusader. This happened on the voyage which carried the Allington family from Gravesend to Lyttleton in late 1874.
After leaving the Azores  the ship began to leak. and she was making as much as two and a  half inches per hour, so the skipper was sorely tempted to put into one of the ports on the South America coast, towards which ships used to keep in order to pick up the trade winds; but the ships doctor ( the late Dr. Guthrie, of Christchurch) advised against this as yellow fever was rife in the South American ports at the time, and he did not like taking the risk of getting the scourge among the immigrants, of whom there was a large number on board. Captain Renaut, therefore kept on, and by the time the ship was nearing the Cape of Good Hope the leak took up and no water was coming in so it was deemed there was no need to put into port.

When the ship had passed the Cape, and it was too late to beat back to Cape Town, the leak got as bad as ever it had been off the South American Coast and everyone had a most anxious time.
There was nothing for it, but to hold on, and eventually the ship made port, still leaking badly.  A sail had been rigged under the hull, and other precautions were taken when the leak broke out after passing the Cape of Good Hope, because no one knew what was going to happen. The boats, fully provisioned, were swung out to be in readiness whatever happened.
Owing to the amount of work the pumps had to do, the pump leather supply gave out when the ship was in the southern seas. One day an American ship was sighted, and the Crusader signalled her, asking for some leather, but not the slightest notice was taken of the flags, and there was nothing for it but to make shift with whatever could be found. A bucket brigade was formed from young men among the emigrants, to supplement the pumps. It  was a most anxious time for everyone on board. The incident shows how easily something unforeseen may happen at sea, and also , possibly gives us the key to some of the mysteries of the sea- mysteries surrounding the fate of gallant ships that have sailed away and never been heard of again.
After the emigrants were landed and the cargo discharged, the ship was docked. A hole was located in the ships bottom and inside was the skeleton of a fish that had got in through the hole. It is possible that when the leak took up off the Cape of Good Hope, the fish’s body was blocking the orifice and prevented the water from flowing in freely. A photograph of the hole and the fish skeleton was taken by Mr de Maus, a noted photographer of ships , at Port Chalmers.
The Crusader was an iron ship, but she had previously been engaged in carrying copper ore, and it was thought that a lump had been left in the bilges, got wet and gradually wore, or corroded a hold in one of the plates.
Story taken from :The clipper ship Crusader, built 1865, broken up 1910 : memories and records of over fifty years' pioneering. With special reference to voyages 1874-1879 / Published 1928.

Monday, June 13, 2016

A Possible New Ancestor Discovery by DNA Connection- Thomas Sandall

I originally had my DNA tested at to try and solve a few of my family tree brick walls and mysteries. Namely who was my 2x G Grandmother Mary Ann Gleeson, and also was my 2x Great Grandfather William McClellan actually William McClelland Secombe. Sadly to date neither of these brick walls have been smashed but I will say that my results, whilst confirming some lines of my family tree, has created a lot more mysteries than it has solved!!

I also tested my mother, and since then 1 distant paternal cousin has tested and  3 maternal cousins have also tested and one more is waiting to be processed.
My mothers results have proven the most help, but also the most mysteries.
The biggest mysteries resulted from the 9 NADs or New Ancestor Discoveries that popped up on her DNA profile . These are suggestions from Ancestry. They suggest because my mother has DNA connections to multple others who are all descended from that person, that perhaps she is also descended from him/her.
In most of these instances its almost impossible to see how there could be a relationship. Many of these NADs are families of long time US residents, with little or no history traced back to the UK let alone New Zealand.

However one NAD popped up recently that had an interesting connection.

In fact it is a group of NADs -

A quick bit of research indicates that Edwin Ford is the husband of Emily Sandall, and Ann Hill is the wife of Thomas Sandall who is Emily's father. Its clear here the connection is actually with the Sandall family and not the spouses.
The other clue is that there is a common birth location between the trees of Thomas Sandall and my maternal tree.

My mothers 2x G Grandfather was Henry ABBOTT.  He was born in 1837 ( baptised 10 September 1837) in Kidlington, Oxfordshire.
Thomas Sandall was also born ( in 1818) in Kidlington Oxfordshire.

Henry's marriage certificate states his father is one Richard Dickson.

I have looked extensively for this Richard Dickson but have found no trace of him or any other Dicksons in Kidlington.

What I did discover today though was this.

Below is a clip from the 1841 Census for Kidlington  and there in Church End Martha Abbott and her son Henry is living right next to William and Mary Sandall and their children. Thomas, who was 22 at this time had left home and was living in Surrey at the time.

Martha goes on to have one more illegitimate child - Mary, in 1843, in Woodstock Oxfordshire, before marrying John Matthews in 1844, but by 1851 the Matthews, and all their children, including Henry and Mary are living back in Kidlington right next door to Thomas Sandalls parents again.

I doubt we will ever get paper proof that Thomas Sandall was Henry Abbotts father, and therefor my mothers 3x G Grandfather and my 4x G Grandfather, however the DNA connections are telling a fairly convincing tale

My mothers DNA profile is liked to 8 people descended from Thomas Sandall - 2 of them share 100 cM with her which is actually more than what you would expect from a 1/2 3rd cousin relationship.

Below are my mothers relationships with some descendants of Thomas' daughter Emily

As you can see there is a vast difference in the amounts of DNA.  In addition to these  , there are 2 more who dont appear on Emily's Circle but appear on her father Thomas's circle 
This is because they descend not from Thomas' daughter Emily but one  from his son Joseph and one from son Thomas. 
This combination of various descdendants of Thomas Sandall do appear indeed to confirm that a young Martha and Thomas Sandall - both born 1818 had a liason in their late teens which resulted in the birth of Henry Abbott. 

I found Thomas's life described on Family Search 
Thomas Sandall Sr. was born July 9, 1818 in Kidlington, Oxfordshire, England. He married Ann Hill the 27th of September 1842, at the St. Andrew's Church in the Parish of Ham, in the county of Surrey, He was a gardener by occupation and worked very hard to care for his wife and family. Two children were born to Thomas and Ann, they were named Thomas Jr. and Emily. When Thomas Jr. was four years old and Emily was two years old, Thomas Sr. was called by the English Government to go to South Africa. His mission was to teach the colonists how to care for their gardens and how to farm. Arriving in South Africa, they settled in the Town of Uitenhage. There he continued the work he loved best, gardening. The vegetables not needed by the family were sold to the natives. The climate was warm and the soil was rich so the two crops of vegetables would be raised in one year. They found wild grapes, the vines up and over trees fifty and a hundred feet high. There were wild figs, myrtle, apples and wild plums. They lived well by hard work. They had to be on the lookout at all times for the Coffers, these were what the natives were called. Some were friendly and some were savage. Thomas Sr. had to set traps for the monkeys because they destroyed their vegetables, especially the pumpkins. The Thomas Sandall family lived in South Africa about twelve years and while there five more children were born, they were Joseph, William, Annie ,Lucy and Hyrum. In 1858 the Sandalls and their friends were visited by two Elders from the Church of Je-sus Christ of Latter-day Saints, by the names of John Stock and John Wesley. The families were converted and were baptized into the Church. They had a strong desire to come to Zion. On March 22, 1860 in a company with about 70 of their friends, they left South Africa. The friends included: the Wiggills, Talbots, Greens, Bodilys, and Dawsons. The Sandalls got a chance to come to the United States with Robert Bodily and family. Thomas sold all of his belongings and boarded with his family, the ship "Alacrity" sailing from Port Elizabeth around to Cape Town, then over to the Isle of Helena. They were months on the water before they landed in Boston Harbor. While in Boston Harbor, their children took sick with the measles and their baby Hyrum died on the 9th of July 1860 at the tender age of eleven months. They left Boston and came west to Florence, Nebraska and remained there a short time. They started for Utah, with four hundred other saints, in the company of Captain William Budge. Their trip across the plains with ox team and covered wagon was the same as other pioneers. They had many hardships to endure with sickness, experiences with Indi-ans, and had very little food. Their daughter Lucy took sick and died at the age of 3 years old. They couldn't stop long enough to dig a grave deep enough to hardly cover with dirt, and they knew the wolves would have her out in a few hours. She was buried in Mr. Bodily's bass violin case for a coffin. Her parents were heartbroken at the loss of their daughter and under such horrible circumstances. This made two children buried since leaving South Africa. They were grateful to Brother Bodily for the violin case, otherwise she would have been wrapped in a blanket, or something of that nature. They arrived in Salt Lake in 1861 and settled in what was then called Kays Creek in Davis County, Utah. It was while living there that their oldest daughter, Emily, met Edwin Ford. She married him on July 12,1862 in plural marriage and went immediately to the town of Washington in Washington County, Utah. Thomas Sr. brought a large amount of ground in the Central part of the town and continued his occupation as a farmer once again. Two more children were born while they lived there, Jim was born and died while a baby. About this time the site of Kays Creek was divided. The north side of Kay’s Creek was called Layton and the south side, Kaysville. It was on the north side where Thomas Sandall had made his home. Baby Jim was buried in the Kaysville, Layton Cemetery, but all traces of his grave have been lost. John Sandall was the next child and was the baby of the family as Ann was getting into middle age at this time. The children grew up helping their parents where they could and getting married when they were old enough. They had childhood and games and dances such as all other pioneer children had along with schooling.

And below, here is a photo which is apparently Thomas Sandall, Mormon Pioneer  my 4x G Grandfather!

Sunday, June 12, 2016

The Allington Family - Warwickshire to New Zealand

Ive been doing a bit of research about the Allington branch of my family this week. It turns out a lot more of the family emigrated to New Zealand than I had originally discovered. In particular I found out a lot about George Allington and will be doing several pages about him in the near future.
To recap my connection to the family - Sarah Ann Allington was my 3x G Grandmother. She married Henry Abbott and her daughter, my 2x G Grandmother Louisa Abbott married William Grant. Their daughter Annie Elizabeth Grant married William McClellan, and their daughter Bettie McClellan was my grandmother.
George Allington was Sarah Ann's brother. The family is quite convoluted as there are several illegitimate births, however it appears all of these children joined the family in New Zealand as well.

John Allington (1806-1875) and Mary Moss had the following children

George Allington 1832-1913 ( Emigrated  in 1874 to  NZ on the Crusader) - George's wife Hannah Robbins had an illegitimate daughter, Mary Robbins who married James Watson and this family also emigrated to NZ on the Crusader with George and Hannah)
Mary Allington 1835- 1859
Charles Allington 1840-1913 (The only living child who remained in the UK, dying in Cheshire)
Sarah Ann Allington (1841-1912) Emigrated in 1874 to NZ on the Tweed) with her husband Henry Abbott and children
Charlotte Allington (1843-1913) Emigrated in 1874 to NZ on the Crusader) Charlotte had 2 illegitimate sons, Charles and George. Both emigrated to NZ on the Crusader with Charlotte and her husband Daniel Lindon. Charles is listed in the passenger list as Charles Allington but George is listed as George Lindon, however later in NZ is known as George Allington
Elizabeth Allington (1847-1859)
Lucy Allington (1849-1943) Emigrated in 1874 to NZ on the Tweed with her husband James West and children

When George Allington led a party of  over 200 agricultural labourers  and their families to New Zealand aboard the SS Crusader in 19874 he was not the first in his family to arrive.  In fact just 3 weeks before the Crusader left Plymouth for Lyttleton, his sister Sarah Ann with her husband Henry Abbott, and their children,  and his sister Lucy and her husband James West and their children had arrived in Otago.  It would be certain that George had already made the decision to come, before receiving word from his sisters as to the suitability of life in their new home.

George, Sarah Ann and Lucy had 2 more siblings living at the time of their emigration, Charles (who was in the Army and the only sibling to remain in the UK) and Charlotte, who with her husband Daniel Lindon, her two sons born previous to their marriage, and the couple’s own children joined George on the clipper ship Crusader on 25th September 1874.

George invited his adult son Charles to join him on the voyage, and Charles accepted, marrying Hannah Wright just 2 days before the family left for Plymouth.
Additionally George’s wife Hannah Robbins had a daughter Mary born before her marriage to George. Mary Robbins married  James Watson, and they too boarded the Crusader on 25th September 1874 with their infant son Charles who sadly died on the arduous ocean voyage.  Mary was pregnant when she boarded and gave birth on board to son Ernest Watson on December 16th 1874.
Based just on these two voyages,  31 people, nearly 2 complete generations of  Allingtons left all they knew for a new life in the Antipodes.

Arrived on the Tweed 3 September 1874

ABBOTT     Henry         38         
                     Sarah          36        
                     Louisa         16        
                     Frederick     14        
                     Sarah           13        
                     Phoebe          9        
                     Arthur           5        
                     Lucy              3        
                     Mary            8 months

WEST          James         28            
                     George         6        
                     Edward        4        
                     William        9 months    

Arrived on the Crusader 31 December 1874

ALLINGTON George          43    
                        Hannah         43        
                        Charles         20    
                        Hannah         21
                         Emily          17    
                         Elizabeth     14    
                         William       12    

LINDON         Daniel         30    
                        Charlotte     31        
                        George          9  (Allington)
                         Edward        6        
                         John             3
ALLINGTON  Charles       12

WATSON         James           35    
                         Mary           24        
                         Charles W     1   dies on board 19/11/1874
                         Ernest               Born on board 16/12/1874

Monday, May 23, 2016

A Ngaruawahia Wedding Elinor Moffitt- Charles Bowie

Ive missed a few weeks of my "Ancestor a week" self- challenge however Im back with another Goodwin family layout today after receiving a great photo of a family wedding from another Goodwin cousin a few days ago. Fortunately many names were notated on the back of the photo, however I was hoping to find a description of the wedding in one of the local papers of the time, however it would appear that either this wedding didnt make the papers, or else if it did, the paper has not yet been digitised by the National Library.
I did find an announcement of the wedding in the New Zealand Herald dated February 15th 1915, but no detailed description, which might help identify the few remaining people I have not yet been able to identify.

On January 6th 1915 at the Methodist Church Ngaruawahia Elinor Moffitt of Ngaruawahia married Charles Bowie of Te Aroha.  The wedding party shown in this photo demonstrates the close connection between the various branches of the Goodwin family. Elinor Moffitt was the younger daughter of Edward John Moffitt and his wife Sarah Ann. Sarah Ann's parents were William Henry and Jane Goodwin (nee Boyt), both of whom had died just a few years before this wedding.
Sarah Ann is seated on the far right of this photo, and her husband Edward on the far left.
According to the notations on the back of the photograph, there are several other Goodwin family members in attendance. Of note are Sarah Ann’s brother Joseph Goodwin who is the tall rather handsome man with dark hair and moustache standing in the back row, just right of centre. Joseph was Sarah Ann’s youngest brother, born in 1868. Just in front of him on his right is Phillip Goodwin, my Great Grandfather (sporting a moustache for the first time in any photograph of him we have seen) Phillip, being the son of Sarah Ann’s brother James was one of the bride’s first cousins.  Standing just behind Sarah Ann is Mary Ann Goodwin, Phillips mother in a resplendent hat).
The brides sister Eliza Annie (known as Annie) is standing beside Phillip and her husband Roland Garlick is standing to the left of the bridesmaid whose identity at this point is unknown.
There are two other younger men in the photograph, one standing to the left of Roland Garlick and one on the far right beside Mary Ann.  The photograph indicates the man on the left is Henry Moffitt, however this would appear to be incorrect. Edward and Sarah Ann had 2 sons, James Henry and Edward John Jr. James Henry died in a drowning accident in 1895 so I suspect the man on the left is Edward John Jr, however another nephew of Sarah Ann (Francis Henry) listed her as his next of kin on his World War One attestation, so perhaps one of the two young men may be him.  I imagine the older woman standing behind the brides father is in fact the Grooms mother Margaret Bowie, a widow.
There is no indication of who the small girl in the front of the photograph could be. Perhaps she is a niece of the groom, or perhaps the daughter of one of the brides many cousins.

Saturday, April 23, 2016

Drummer Lowe

Todays layout features my Great Grandfather John Lowe. He was my fathers maternal Grandfather.
Id like to thank Geoff Parton for the copies of the  letter from the bandmaster and for the contract from the Grand Derby Theatre that I used in this layout. Geoff took on the mighty job of researching the soldiers named in the War Memorial in Derby and collected a wonderful archive of material in the process . He was very kind to share the information and material that pertained to my family with me.

John Lowe, like many others in his family and in his group of close friends had been a member of the Sherwood Forresters as a volunteer well before the start of World War I , in fact he had first  signed on on 16th April 1902 with the 1st Volunteer Battalion, aged just under 17. He re attested
on the 16th June 1908 in the Territorial Force - The 5th Battalion Sherwood Foresters. While his “day” job was an Iron Moulder, the time with the Sherwood Forresters would have been a  social outlet for him, and in addition he received a bounty for each year he served.
It is likely that he learned the drums during his time in the Territorials., and this would shape his life through the war and after.
On the 20th November 1911 he was transferred to the Derbyshire Yeomanry. and this was the division he served in during World War I .
John served in the Middle East Expeditionary Force and was in Egypt and at Gallipoli where his younger brother died.  He  was discharged on 16th November 1916 having completed the terms of engagement having served 14 years and 215 days. During and after the war he was known to all as “Drummer Lowe”, however in 1912 he is listed as a Bugler.
After his discharge, and with a war pension of Fifteen Pounds, John resumed his work as an Iron Moulder at Haslams Foundry  but  in October 1921 he he signed a contract with Vinto Theatres Ltd  to be a drummer at the Grand Theatre, Derby with a salary of £3 - 10s per week .

Sunday, April 17, 2016

Continuing a long forgotten project Direct Descendant Book–From the Orkneys to New Zealand

A couple of years ago I started a book project where I would tell the stories of my direct ancestors along my Brodie line, starting as far back as I could with this family . You can see my post on this book here

I have neglected this project for far too long and so this week I have been working on the next instalment - the pages relating to my 2x G Grandmother Elizabeth Taylor Brodie.

The Lennies emigrated to New Zealand on the ship Merope. Their voyage was one of the fastest of its time to reach New Zaland. Captain Henry Rose was placed in command and on the passage out the made a sensational run to Lyttelton. The Merope left Gravesend on the 9th June, and was off Start Point on the 12th. The Equator was crossed on the 15th July, and the meridian of the Cape on the 24th of the same month. Tasmania was reached on the 17th August, and Stewart's Island on the 20th. Five days later the ship anchored in Lyttelton Harbour at 2 a.m.—the passage having occupied only 76 days from London, and 69 from land to land. 
Elizabeth Taylor Brodie was  born on the 5th March 1837 in Stronsay Orkney. She was the eldest child of John Brodie and his wife Eliza.
Her father like many on the island was a farmer and a fisherman, and in 1841 the family are living at Dykeside. Elizabeth had 4 brothers and a sister . In 1863 Elizabeth, or Betsy as she was known then married John Lennie, a blacksmith journeyman , in the United Protestant Church in Milltown Stronsay. John Lennies father was a Master Blacksmith and was a witness at the wedding.
Betsy and her new husband John made their home at Clayquoy, Stronsay and had 3 children: David (1865) John Gorrie(1866) andCatherine (1868) . In 1871 the family along with others from Stronsay made the long voyage to New Zealand on the sailing ship Merope. Upon arrival in New Zealand the Lennie family settled at Pleasant Point in the South Island.  Pleasant Point was a railway hub and there was great need for blacksmiths.
They went on to have 2 more daughters  Lizzie (1871) and Letitia/Louisa in 1875.
The family took in a boarder in 1873 inthe form of one William McClellan who was a sailor who had been shipwrecked at nearby Timaru
Sadly for the family John Lennie died in 1876. It is not known what he died from as no death registration can be found, but he is buried at Pleasant Point cemetery. Life would have been very difficult for Elizabeth and her 5 children so she opened her home as a boarding house, and in February 877 she married her former boarder William McClellan.
Just a few months later in July 1877 their son William McClellan was born. 
The earliest photo we have of Elizabeth Brodie is this family photo which must have been taken in late 1876, or early 1877, as the youngest child Letitia (known as Louisa) appears to be aged between a year and 18 months old.  This would mean the man in the photo was Elizabeth’s soon to be second husband William McClellan, as her first husband John Lennie had died in March of that year. It is possible that the photo is in leiu of a wedding photo.
The family are wearing the regalia of the Independent Order of Templars, which was a temperance society for which both women and men could belong, and we know that the family were staunch members, and later became members of the Salvation Army, which did much of its early recruiting through local Temperance Societies. 

The family remained in Pleasant Point through the 1880’s . In 1883 Elizabeth lost her son John Gorrie Lennie to Consumption, and  in the early 1890’s Elizabeth and William made a move to Woodville in the North Island where they ran the Post Office Temperance Hotel. It is not known why they made this move or whether it was instigated by the Salvation Army, but they remained loyal members during this time. The two youngest Girls, Lizzie and Louisa also moved north. Catherine had married John Hughes in 1885 and remained in Canterbury.
In 1894 Elizabeth lost her second husband. William McClellan died of Stomach Cancer. She remained in Woodville until 1896 but by 1898 she had moved to Wellington where she was known to run boarding houses, in Dock Street and later at 17 Thompson Street. Daughter Lizzie lived at Thompson Street with her for some time, probably helping with the boarding house duties.
Elizabeth remained at Thompson street from at least 1904 until 1914. During this time she is often mentioned as the caregiver for various grandchildren, especially the children of her eldest son David who attended Mt Cook Primary School.  It is interesting to note that son David and his children took their step father’s surname in later life.
It is known that in later life Elizabeth had much trouble with her sight and in her later years was almost blind.
By 1914, Elizabeth could no longer live independently and was living with daughter Elizabeth and her husband Peter Gjording in Campbell Street Karori 

This photo dated 1903 shows Elizabeth with 3 of her children and a grandchild. Her eldest child David had moved to Australia, and eldest daughter Catherine was in the South Island. In this photo we have youngest son William, Lizzie (seated) and Louisa (standing) with William’s eldest son Meryvn.
In 1904 more tragedy was to come. Elizabeth was to outlive yet another child, with the death of daughter Catherine in Canterbury. Her daughters death left 11 children motherless. Several of these children visit and stay with Elizabeth over the next few years.

This photo some 10 or more years after the previous photo is a Christmas Greeting Postcard and states “from all at Campbell Street”. The child is likely Eric Gjording, who was born in 1911.

Made from obviously strong stock,with a life filled with adventure and tragedy, Elizabeth outlived  most of her siblings, 2 husbands and 2 children, and at least 4 grandchildren .
She died on 14th January 1924 at Campbell street at the home of her daughter Lizzie .

Monday, April 4, 2016

A Family at War

Wearing their husband’s uniforms, these three sisters-in-law had no idea the tragedy that was about to occur to their close family group. Husbands of all three women, and several other brothers were members of the Derbyshire and Nottingham Sherwood Foresters Regiment.The first tragic death would be would be Herbert Lowe, the youngest brother of Henry and John. He would die at Gallipoli on August 21st 1915 and his brother John would be there when he died.
Then like history repeating itself, not even a year later,  Beatrice’s husband Henry would die in 1916 on the first day of the Battle of the Somme and Elizabeth’s husband Arthur Ollerenshaw would be there to see him die. Henry , who was a stretcher bearer, had been carrying a wounded fellow soldier on his back to safety when he was hit by a sniper